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A new clinical trial shows the benefits of an innovative form of radiation therapy, which delivers the radiation in only five sessions instead of the usual 37. A new form of radiotherapy may significantly improve survival for people with prostate cancer. The National Cancer Institute (NCI) estimate that prostate cancer affects over 160,000 people in
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New research shows how a normal mechanism that helps the breast adapt to breastfeeding could lead to the accumulation of premalignant breast cells. Some of the mechanisms that enable breasts to lactate could also lead to the accumulation of abnormal breast cells. The link between breastfeeding and breast cancer has been the subject of several
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NyQuil products are over-the-counter medications designed to relieve the nighttime symptoms of cold and flu. Women who are breastfeeding may wish to use NyQuil to alleviate their symptoms but may worry about the effects of NyQuil on the baby. Some NyQuil products are likely safe to use while breastfeeding, while others may not be, depending
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Dementia and Alzheimer’s disease are similar but not the same. Dementia is a general term and has many different types, of which Alzheimer’s is one. There is sometimes confusion between the two because people often use the terms interchangeably. Dementia is an umbrella term used to describe a set of symptoms that broadly affect cognitive
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New research, published in the journal Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, shows that an innovative blocking agent can stop the degeneration of the cartilage when injected into the joints. Osteoarthritis often affects the knee joints. Osteoarthritis is a progressive condition that affects the bones and cartilage within the joints. Although it occurs most often in
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Although it is not a common allergy, people can be allergic to strawberries. The symptoms of a strawberry allergy range from mild to very severe. Strawberries are a favorite fruit for many Americans. The United States produced an estimated 3 billion pounds of strawberries in 2014 alone. In many areas, strawberries are available all year
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Highlights for paroxetine Paroxetine oral tablet is available in immediate-release and extended-release forms. It’s also available as both a generic drug and brand-name drugs. Brand names: Paxil, Paxil CR, and Pexeva. Paroxetine is also available as an oral capsule and oral suspension. Paroxetine oral tablet can be used to treat depressive disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, panic
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AstraZeneca is plowing deeper into cancer immunotherapy through a wide-ranging deal with Innate Pharma, which includes the British group buying a 9.8 percent stake in the French biotech company. Tuesday’s agreement is a coup for Innate — run by former AstraZeneca executive Mondher Mahjoubi — which gains rights to sell AstraZeneca’s newly approved rare blood
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Levels of a particular protein in breast cancer cells that escape the primary tumor and migrate to the bone could be an indicator of lethal cancer recurrence, according to a recent study. Tests using a newly discovered protein marker ‘could further improve curative treatment of breast cancer,’ researchers say. The process of forming secondary tumors
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Highlights for meclizine Meclizine oral tablet is only available as a generic drug. It doesn’t have a brand-name version. Meclizine only comes as a tablet you take by mouth. Meclizine oral tablet is used to treat vertigo (a condition that causes you to feel like you or the room is spinning). Important warnings Drowsiness warning:
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Pepto-Bismol helps relieve several digestive issues that pregnant and breastfeeding women often experience, including gas, heartburn, and nausea. Many women may be aware that they should avoid taking Pepto-Bismol during pregnancy, but what about while breastfeeding? It is unclear whether Pepto-Bismol is safe to take while breastfeeding, but most experts recommend avoiding it. Read on
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People with a chicken allergy may have an allergic reaction after eating chicken meat, or, sometimes, after their skin comes into contact with chicken feathers. While fish and seafood are often the primary sources of food allergies, allergies to other types of meat are less common. Most people with an allergy to chicken will notice
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New evidence suggests that atrial fibrillation, in which the heart has an irregular beat, is linked to an increased risk of dementia. This knowledge, however, also indicates a potential preventive strategy, researchers show. An irregular heartbeat speeds up the rate at which cognitive function deteriorates, but there may be an easy way to address this.
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Previous research suggested that hearing loss and abnormalities in the eye are tied to memory loss and a higher Alzheimer’s risk. New evidence now indicates that addressing hearing and sight problems can slow down cognitive decline. Opting for hearing aids and cataract surgery can make a big difference when it comes to slowing down cognitive
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Highlights for perindopril Perindopril oral tablet is available as a generic drug. It doesn’t have a brand-name version. Perindopril comes only in the form of a tablet you take by mouth. Perindopril oral tablet is used to treat hypertension (high blood pressure). It’s also used to lower the risk of death or heart attack in
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When pharma giant Pfizer announced in January it planned to shut down early- and mid-stage neuroscience drug development, it was another blow to a field already in a defensive crouch. Diseases of the central nervous system — from Alzheimer’s to Parkinson’s to Lou Gehrig’s disease — have been incredibly difficult for drug developers to crack,
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A muscle-relaxant first discovered in 1848 might soon be at the cutting edge of cancer treatment. Researchers from The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center investigate. A new study approaches the challenge of hypoxia in cancer. There are a number of ways to attack cancer; one of the most commonly used is radiation therapy. Radiation
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In babies, most facial rashes are harmless and tend to clear up without treatment. Causes can include eczema, acne, and infection. Sometimes, however, a rash on a baby’s face can indicate a more serious condition. Being able to distinguish between different rashes can help a parent or caregiver know when to seek professional advice. In
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Targeting specific microbiota in the gut could be one way to protect against type 1 diabetes, a new study concludes. Researchers suggest that targeting the gut microbiota could lead to the prevention of type 1 diabetes. Researchers from the University of Queensland in Australia have found distinct gut microbiota alterations in rodents and humans that
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Existing cancer drugs could be repurposed as treatments for vascular inflammation, according to new research from the University of California San Diego School of Medicine. Several drugs approved by the FDA for cancer treatment may also treat vascular inflammation. Publishing their findings in Cell Reports, the authors describe new insights into the way G-protein-coupled receptors
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People with a diagnosis of dementia can also face depression. For this reason, they may end up taking antidepressant drugs. Now, a study has found that these drugs may be able to treat not just depression, but dementia itself. A new study tests out the potential of antidepressants to tackle dementia mechanisms in the brain.
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It may be harder for cells to repair themselves as the body ages, and this may play a role in the development of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, otherwise known as COPD. Younger people are still at risk, but increasing age may mean more lung damage and exposure to risk factors, and so a higher risk.
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Depression with psychotic features is when someone experiences both depression and psychosis. Psychosis refers to a disconnection from reality and may include symptoms such as hallucinations or delusions. Major depression with psychotic features is also sometimes referred to as psychotic depression. It is a grave illness characterized by a combination of unipolar major depressive symptoms
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People with allergies may find relief by using natural plant extracts and foods that act as antihistamines. Antihistamines are substances that block histamine activity in the body. Histamine is a protein that triggers allergy symptoms, such as sneezing, itchy eyes, and a scratchy throat. Over-the-counter (OTC) and prescription antihistamine medications are effective for symptom relief,
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