Cancer

New research involving Australian women aged 45 years and over found that the majority of this cohort believes that there is not a significant link between alcohol consumption and breast cancer risk. That could not be less true, the investigators warn. Women should be more aware of the link between alcohol consumption and breast cancer
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A new phase I/II open-label, dose-escalation trial has recently tested the effectiveness of a “Trojan horse” drug in treating multiple types of otherwise treatment-resistant cancer in its late stages. A new clinical trial assesses the safety and effectiveness of an innovative drug against multiple cancers at an advanced stage. Recently, a team of experts from
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An analysis of mortality rates related to breast cancer from 1989 until 2018 indicates that breast cancer screening, paired with access to better treatment, has significantly improved the health outcome for women with this type of cancer over the past few decades. Since 1989, breast cancer-related death rates have fallen exponentially, primarily due to screening
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An innovative new approach to cancer therapy suggests that a compound of the metal iridium could, when activated by light, target and destroy cancer cells. A newly developed metal compound could offer an effective strategy against cancer. At the moment, there are many different types of cancer treatment. These range from chemotherapy and radiation therapy
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New research featuring in the journal Science Translational Medicine shows that fatty acids fuel prostate tumor growth. As blocking fatty acids seems to slow disease progression, fatty acid uptake may be a promising new therapeutic target for prostate cancer. It may soon be possible to stop prostate cancer from becoming aggressive by blocking fatty acids.
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Scientists have identified several cannabinoid compounds that could potentially treat colorectal cancer. Cannabis compounds may help in the fight against colorectal cancer. A team at Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine in Hershey tested hundreds of cannabinoids on various types of human colorectal cancer cells in the laboratory. Of these, 10 synthetic cannabinoids showed the
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Bacillus Calmette–Guerin is a form of immunotherapy that doctors can use to treat some forms of bladder cancer. Following surgery to remove the cancer, this treatment can help prevent the cancer from returning. In this article, we will discuss what Bacillus Calmette–Guerin (BCG) therapy is, when doctors use it, and what to expect during treatment.
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New research finds that some nanomaterials that scientists use to combat cancer may have the opposite effect: to help tumors spread. The results reveal why this might occur and propose a way for us to turn this risk into a therapeutic advantage. Nanoparticles may make cancer cells (depicted here) divide and spread faster. Nanotechnology has
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A protein that plays a key role in protecting the body against cancer also appears to have the opposite effect in some cancers. The tumor-suppressing protein p53 can sometimes drive the growth of cancer cells. New research from the University of California in San Diego demonstrates instances in which the tumor suppressor protein p53 can
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Duodenal cancer is a rare type of cancer that forms in the first part of the small intestine. Symptoms can be vague, which can make early diagnosis difficult. In this article, we look at what duodenal cancer is, along with its symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment. We also discuss survival rates for this type of cancer.
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In a study on mouse models and human tissue, researchers have revealed how aggressive forms of skin cancer are able to co-opt the immune system to become invasive. Knowing this could lead to better, more effective treatments. A study reveals the key factors that allow melanoma to become invasive. New research, the findings of which
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Pancreatic cancer is typically an aggressive form of the disease, with a fairly low 5-year survival rate. Diagnosing pancreatic cancer in its early stages could help people receive treatment more quickly, but what kind of test would work best? The specific bacterial abundance on a person’s tongue may indicate the presence of pancreatic cancer. The
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Fenugreek is an herb in the same family as soy. People use its fresh and dried seeds, leaves, twigs, and roots as a spice, flavoring agent, and supplement. While more research is necessary, some studies show that fenugreek may have varied health benefits. Fenugreek may be able to help reduce the risk of: However, using
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People who have found a lump, have recently had their breast cancer diagnosed, or know someone who has may wonder how fast it can grow or spread. Breast cancer is the most common cancer diagnosis among women in the United States. It is very hard to estimate how a person’s breast cancer will change over
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Multifocal breast cancer is a form of breast cancer in which multiple tumors arise in the same area of the breast. There are many types of breast cancer. The type and characteristics, including the number of tumors and where they are, can affect a person’s treatment and long-term outlook. This article covers information about multifocal
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New research finds that a structural analog of a compound found in an endangered Chinese fir tree has cancer-fighting properties when combined with an existing cancer drug. Scientists devised a chemical analog of a compound from a rare Chinese tree that, combined with another drug, has cancer-fighting properties. The National Cancer Institute (NCI) estimate that
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A new treatment with a genetically modified herpes virus is effective against stage 3B and stage 4 melanoma, a recent human study confirms. A genetically modified herpes virus is demonstrably effective against stage 3 melanoma, researchers show. In 2015, the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the use of talimogene laherparepvec (TVEC) for
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People with melanoma who live in states with the highest number of melanoma diagnoses tend to have better survival rates, according to recent research that examined data on a state-by-state basis. Why would melanoma survival rates vary between states? Researchers from the University of Utah Health in Salt Lake City set out to determine if
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Chemotherapy uses a wide variety of drugs. Some are effective on their own, while others work best in combination with other types of medication. R-CHOP chemotherapy is an example of a combination treatment. R-CHOP consists of five separate drugs. These are: (R) rituximab (Rituxan) (C) cyclophosphamide (H) doxorubicin hydrochloride (O) vincristine (Oncovin, Vincasar PFS) (P)
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New research, appearing in the journal Nature Communications, reveals a new mechanism that is at play in cellular function. Chaotic swings of protein concentrations help keep our immune system alert and functional, preventing chronic diseases, such as cancer and diabetes. Human cells need some proteins to be in a chaotic state to fight off disease,
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A hysterectomy is a surgical procedure in which a surgeon removes a person’s uterus. However, the surgeon often leaves part or all of the ovaries intact, which means it might still be possible for an individual to get ovarian cancer. Ovarian cancer starts when tumor cells develop in the ovaries or the surrounding tissues. The
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Fasting may help with cancer treatment. There is a growing body of evidence supporting the role of fasting in both cancer treatment and prevention. Some research suggests that fasting helps fight cancer by lowering insulin resistance and levels of inflammation. Fasting may also reverse the effects of chronic conditions such as obesity and type 2
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No foods protect people against cancer completely. The term cancer-fighting foods refers to foods that may lower the risk of developing cancer if a person adds them to their diet. This article looks at the best cancer-fighting foods and explains the science that supports these claims. Foods that contain naturally occurring compounds that have potent
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Quercetin is a pigment found in many plants, fruits, and vegetables. It may have some health benefits and help prevent a range of conditions. People can get quercetin through a balanced diet or by taking a supplement. This article details the possible benefits of quercetin. It also looks at the potential side effects. What is
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