Cancer

New research finds that some nanomaterials that scientists use to combat cancer may have the opposite effect: to help tumors spread. The results reveal why this might occur and propose a way for us to turn this risk into a therapeutic advantage. Nanoparticles may make cancer cells (depicted here) divide and spread faster. Nanotechnology has
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A protein that plays a key role in protecting the body against cancer also appears to have the opposite effect in some cancers. The tumor-suppressing protein p53 can sometimes drive the growth of cancer cells. New research from the University of California in San Diego demonstrates instances in which the tumor suppressor protein p53 can
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Duodenal cancer is a rare type of cancer that forms in the first part of the small intestine. Symptoms can be vague, which can make early diagnosis difficult. In this article, we look at what duodenal cancer is, along with its symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment. We also discuss survival rates for this type of cancer.
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In a study on mouse models and human tissue, researchers have revealed how aggressive forms of skin cancer are able to co-opt the immune system to become invasive. Knowing this could lead to better, more effective treatments. A study reveals the key factors that allow melanoma to become invasive. New research, the findings of which
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Pancreatic cancer is typically an aggressive form of the disease, with a fairly low 5-year survival rate. Diagnosing pancreatic cancer in its early stages could help people receive treatment more quickly, but what kind of test would work best? The specific bacterial abundance on a person’s tongue may indicate the presence of pancreatic cancer. The
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Fenugreek is an herb in the same family as soy. People use its fresh and dried seeds, leaves, twigs, and roots as a spice, flavoring agent, and supplement. While more research is necessary, some studies show that fenugreek may have varied health benefits. Fenugreek may be able to help reduce the risk of: However, using
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People who have found a lump, have recently had their breast cancer diagnosed, or know someone who has may wonder how fast it can grow or spread. Breast cancer is the most common cancer diagnosis among women in the United States. It is very hard to estimate how a person’s breast cancer will change over
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Multifocal breast cancer is a form of breast cancer in which multiple tumors arise in the same area of the breast. There are many types of breast cancer. The type and characteristics, including the number of tumors and where they are, can affect a person’s treatment and long-term outlook. This article covers information about multifocal
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New research finds that a structural analog of a compound found in an endangered Chinese fir tree has cancer-fighting properties when combined with an existing cancer drug. Scientists devised a chemical analog of a compound from a rare Chinese tree that, combined with another drug, has cancer-fighting properties. The National Cancer Institute (NCI) estimate that
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A new treatment with a genetically modified herpes virus is effective against stage 3B and stage 4 melanoma, a recent human study confirms. A genetically modified herpes virus is demonstrably effective against stage 3 melanoma, researchers show. In 2015, the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the use of talimogene laherparepvec (TVEC) for
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People with melanoma who live in states with the highest number of melanoma diagnoses tend to have better survival rates, according to recent research that examined data on a state-by-state basis. Why would melanoma survival rates vary between states? Researchers from the University of Utah Health in Salt Lake City set out to determine if
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Chemotherapy uses a wide variety of drugs. Some are effective on their own, while others work best in combination with other types of medication. R-CHOP chemotherapy is an example of a combination treatment. R-CHOP consists of five separate drugs. These are: (R) rituximab (Rituxan) (C) cyclophosphamide (H) doxorubicin hydrochloride (O) vincristine (Oncovin, Vincasar PFS) (P)
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New research, appearing in the journal Nature Communications, reveals a new mechanism that is at play in cellular function. Chaotic swings of protein concentrations help keep our immune system alert and functional, preventing chronic diseases, such as cancer and diabetes. Human cells need some proteins to be in a chaotic state to fight off disease,
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A hysterectomy is a surgical procedure in which a surgeon removes a person’s uterus. However, the surgeon often leaves part or all of the ovaries intact, which means it might still be possible for an individual to get ovarian cancer. Ovarian cancer starts when tumor cells develop in the ovaries or the surrounding tissues. The
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Fasting may help with cancer treatment. There is a growing body of evidence supporting the role of fasting in both cancer treatment and prevention. Some research suggests that fasting helps fight cancer by lowering insulin resistance and levels of inflammation. Fasting may also reverse the effects of chronic conditions such as obesity and type 2
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No foods protect people against cancer completely. The term cancer-fighting foods refers to foods that may lower the risk of developing cancer if a person adds them to their diet. This article looks at the best cancer-fighting foods and explains the science that supports these claims. Foods that contain naturally occurring compounds that have potent
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Quercetin is a pigment found in many plants, fruits, and vegetables. It may have some health benefits and help prevent a range of conditions. People can get quercetin through a balanced diet or by taking a supplement. This article details the possible benefits of quercetin. It also looks at the potential side effects. What is
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Researchers have developed an innovative, personalized absorber that can “catch” toxic chemotherapy drugs when they “leak out” of a treated organ. This could help reduce the adverse side effects of these cancer treatments. A newly designed ‘drug sponge’ could intercept chemotherapy agents before they reach and affect healthy tissue. A team of researchers from institutions
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Doctors use chemotherapy either as a first-line therapy or in combination with other treatments, such as surgery. If chemotherapy does not work, a person may need to consider other treatment options. Signs that cancer is not responding to chemotherapy include: tumor not shrinking tumor growing cancer spreading from its original site to other areas of
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There is a longstanding debate as to whether taking vitamin E supplements increases or decreases a person’s risk of developing cancer. A new study suggests that both outcomes are a possibility and also explains why. What influences vitamin E’s effect on cancer risk? A new study investigates. Many people believe that taking supplements can improve
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An experimental therapy has shown promising results in fighting a particularly aggressive breast cancer with limited treatment options. A new experimental treatment shows promise for people with triple-negative breast cancer. A recent study has revealed that the novel treatment decreased the growth and spread of triple-negative breast cancer in mice. The approach uses a protein
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A recent study identifies a new biomarker for colorectal cancer. The protein in question might also lead the way to a novel treatment for colorectal and other cancers. Colorectal cancer often goes undetected for years. Each year in the United States, doctors diagnose more than 140,000 cases of colorectal cancer. This makes it the third
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A clinical trial has just launched to assess the effectiveness of a newly developed breath test that could help diagnose multiple forms of cancer. A new breath test currently under trial could help diagnose multiple forms of cancer at an early stage. Researchers from the Cancer Research United Kingdom Cambridge Institute have recently developed an
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Many believe that childbirth can protect women against breast cancer, but new findings suggest that this benefit may take 2 decades to make an appearance. Childbirth may initially increase breast cancer risk. The risk of developing breast cancer differs between individuals. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) suggest that several factors come into
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