Children

People often wonder if a fetus can hear while in the womb. Many expectant parents will speak to or play music for a developing fetus. Evidence suggests that the auditory system starts forming at the 18th week of pregnancy and continues to develop until the baby is between 5 and 6 months of age. Everything
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Asthma is a lung disease that causes inflammation and narrowing of the airways. Common symptoms include breathing difficulty, shortness of breath, wheezing, coughing, and tightness in the chest. Symptoms can vary from person to person and range from mild to severe. People may only experience symptoms in certain situations, such as when exercising. In some
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Respiratory rates change based on many health and activity factors. Normal respiratory rates also differ in adults and children. The respiratory rate is the number of breaths someone takes every minute and is one of the main vital signs, along with blood pressure, pulse, and temperature. When a person inhales, oxygen enters their lungs and
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When a baby begins crying in their sleep, caregivers may worry that something is wrong. However, in most cases, for babies, crying while asleep is a phase rather than a sign of a serious problem. For many caregivers, sleep-related issues are among the biggest challenges during the baby and toddler years. Sleep problems are common,
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A convulsion is a general term that people use to describe uncontrollable muscle contractions. Some people may use it interchangeably with the word “seizure,” although a seizure refers to an electrical disturbance in the brain. Seizures may cause a person to have convulsions, but this is not always the case. In this article, learn more
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To produce milk, the body requires extra calories. Certain foods and drinks may also influence the amount of milk that a woman produces. Read on to discover some of the best foods to help lactation, along with some other tips to encourage a steady flow of breast milk. There has been very little research into
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Mastoiditis is a serious infection in the mastoid process, which is the hard, prominent bone just behind and under the ear. Ear infections that people fail to treat cause most cases of mastoiditis. The condition is rare but can become life-threatening without treatment. Symptoms of mastoiditis include swelling behind the ear, pus coming out of
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Babies are prone to rashes and other skin problems. Baby acne and eczema are two skin conditions that are common in babies. Both cause rash-like patches on the skin, and it can be tricky to tell the difference between them. Both baby acne and eczema are treatable, and the symptoms are usually temporary. In this
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Borax, a naturally occurring mineral, has been an ingredient in cleaning products for decades. It is not safe to ingest. Some people also use it to make children’s toys, such as homemade slime. Borax can be harmful and may cause many serious side effects. In this article, we look at the safety and risks of
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There is no cure for hepatitis B infection, so doctors rely on vaccinations to help prevent it. Hepatitis B attacks the liver and may lead to life-threatening complications without treatment. Hepatitis B infection is a potentially serious condition. According to a new American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) policy, newborns should now get their first hepatitis
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A peritonsillar abscess is a painful, pus-filled collection of tissue that forms in the back of the throat near one of the tonsils. Peritonsillar abscesses, also called quinsy, often appear as a result of tonsillitis. These abscesses are uncommon because doctors tend to treat strep throat and tonsillitis with antibiotics. In this article, we provide
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Petroleum jelly is a thick, waxy paste that many people use as a skin care product and treatment for minor cuts and burns. Other names for petroleum jelly include petrolatum and Vaseline, a common brand name. People use petroleum jelly for diaper rash, as a moisturizer, to treat skin conditions such as eczema, and as
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Baby acne is common and usually clears up on its own. Some rashes may need treatment, however, so it is important to know the difference between baby acne, rashes, and other skin problems. Babies have very sensitive skin, so caregivers may worry that spots or a rash are a sign of an allergic reaction or
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A sunken fontanel occurs when the soft spot on a baby’s skull becomes more deep set than usual. One of the major causes is dehydration. The human skull is made up from several bones that are connected by tough fibrous tissue called sutures. These sutures give the skull some flexibility, allowing the head to pass
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Micropenis refers to an abnormally small penis. Micropenis is rare and hormonal or genetic issues are most often the cause. Doctors will usually diagnose and treat the condition at birth. In this article, we look at the definition of micropenis, the symptoms and causes, and the ways a smaller-than-average penis may or may not affect
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Food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome is when food allergies affect the gastrointestinal tract of babies and young children. It is rare but may be more prevalent than doctors previously understood. The main symptoms of food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome, or FPIES, are recurring, severe diarrhea and vomiting. An infant may experience these symptoms from time to time,
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Our personality traits may affect many of the choices we make and alter different aspects of our lives. A new study now suggests that an individual’s personality traits in adolescence may help predict their longevity. Researchers looked at personality traits in adolescence to see if they could predict a person’s longevity. Recently, various studies have
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Chickenpox is a highly contagious viral infection that commonly affects children. Although a vaccine is available, some people prefer their children to build up immunity to the virus by attending chickenpox parties, or “pox parties.” Before the chickenpox vaccine, many people used pox parties as a way to infect their children with the virus to
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People tend to associate acne with puberty and a person’s teenage years, but it is relatively common for a baby to get acne. The causes and treatments of baby acne, also called neonatal acne, are different from those of adult acne. This article will take a look at the prevalence and symptoms of baby acne.
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A newborn’s belly button may bleed while the cord is falling off or shortly after it does. Most often, newborn belly button bleeding is not a cause for concern but a regular part of the healing process. Occasionally though, it can signal a problem. The umbilical cord supplies a fetus with nutrients from the mother.
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A quick home improvement project or fun craft afternoon with the kids can become a major hassle if someone gets super glue on their skin. Super glue can even bind the skin to other objects or glue the fingers together. However, super glue is not usually harmful to the skin, and there is a range
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Eczema is a common skin condition that results in red, itchy patches on the skin. Treating severe eczema is challenging, but intensive treatment methods can improve people’s symptoms. Doctors cannot cure eczema, which is also called atopic dermatitis, but treatments can reduce the severity of rashes and inflammation so that a person’s quality of life
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Stridor is a high-pitched squeaking or whistling sound, usually due to an obstruction in an airway. Stridor is a sign of an underlying health issue rather than a diagnosis or disease in itself. This article outlines the causes of stridor in children and adults, along with information on diagnosis and treatments. Symptoms Symptoms of stridor
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In a condition known as spina bifida, children are born with an exposed spinal cord, which causes numerous physical and developmental issues. Usually, surgeons will operate on spina bifida after birth, but a complex in utero surgery can allow the baby to develop better while still inside the mother’s womb. Prenatal spina bifida surgery can
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Freckles are small, harmless marks that appear on the skin. Genetics and sun exposure are the primary causes of freckles. Some people are more likely to get freckles than others, depending on their genes and skin type. If a person is genetically more likely to develop freckles, exposure to sunlight can make them appear. Freckles
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Many guidelines recommend avoiding sushi during pregnancy, but sushi lovers will be pleased to learn that they can enjoy this food again after the baby is born. Although sushi is suitable to eat while breastfeeding, women should continue to avoid certain types of fish that are high in mercury. Many other types of fish, both
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