A large new study has examined the effects of vitamin D on a diverse group of adults and found no evidence that this supplement can prevent type 2 diabetes. Vitamin D supplements don’t do much to prevent type 2 diabetes. Vitamin D is an essential vitamin; it builds and maintains healthy bones. Our bodies produce
Following evidence that estrogen and vitamin D work together to promote bone health, new research from China now suggests that they could also help to stave off metabolic syndrome in postmenopausal women. High levels of vitamin D, in conjunction with estrogen, could help protect the metabolic health of postmenopausal women. Metabolic syndrome is a cluster
In the collective imagination, night owls are free, creative spirits. Yet studies have shown that people who are more active at night face greater health risks. Do night owls experience more benefits or risks due to their rhythms? This Spotlight feature tackles this and related questions. What health risks do night owls face, and why?
New research on thousands of twins in Sweden has uncovered a significant link between type 2 diabetes in midlife and the risk of stroke and blocked brain arteries later in life. However, the link did not apply to brain bleeds, which can also cause strokes. New research suggests that having type 2 diabetes in midlife
New research finds an intriguing link between undetected blood sugar disorders and the development of heart attacks and severe gum disease. Undetected blood sugar disorders may heighten the risk of heart attacks and periodontitis. Previous research has pointed to a connection between periodontitis — a chronic condition that affects the gums and bones that support
New research finds that the immunotherapy drug teplizumab delays the onset of type 1 diabetes by 2 years, on average, in high-risk individuals. New research has significant clinical implications, particularly for young people with a high risk of type 1 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease affecting about 1.25 million children and adults
Having a regular pattern of going to bed and waking up could be protective of metabolic health. A new study has linked the habit to a lower chance of developing risk factors that make up metabolic syndrome, such as high blood pressure, obesity, and high cholesterol. Having a regular sleep pattern can keep metabolic syndrome
Research has shown that insulin resistance — a main characteristic of prediabetes and diabetes — is sometimes linked to symptoms of anxiety and depression. But a new study in mice has found that metformin, a diabetes drug, can fight these symptoms. Metformin, a common drug that people take to treat symptoms of diabetes, could also
Type 2 diabetes can sometimes result in a loss of heart function. However, the results of a new study suggest this function may be recovered through high-intensity exercise. High-intensity exercise can protect the hearts of those living with type 2 diabetes, new research suggests. Around 90–95% of the 30 million people in the United States
Recent research has uncovered an unusual type of white blood cell that could be the main driver of autoimmunity in type 1 diabetes. New research suggests that a hybrid cell may be behind type 1 diabetes. Many experts believe that type 1 diabetes is a type of condition that occurs when the immune system attacks
Insulin therapy, a common treatment for diabetes, can cause people to gain weight. People taking insulin can manage their weight with certain diet and lifestyle strategies. Insulin is a hormone that regulates the levels of glucose in the blood. Another name for this is blood sugar. The hormone works by helping the body’s cells to
High fructose corn syrup is a sweetener that manufacturers make from corn starch. As with other sugars, it can cause tooth decay, obesity, and metabolic syndrome when a person consumes it in large quantities. Health experts continue to debate whether or not high fructose corn syrup (HFCS) is worse than other sugars. Many natural and
New research adds to the mounting evidence that fasting may be helpful in the fight against obesity and its related conditions. By increasing certain proteins, the practice may protect against metabolic syndrome, diabetes, and liver disease, but the ‘timing of and duration between meals’ is key. Fasting from dawn to sunset for 30 days could
Keto breath is an unpleasant side effect that a person can develop when they begin following a ketogenic diet. A person can try to reduce keto breath by drinking more water or slightly increasing the number of carbohydrates they eat. A ketogenic diet, or keto diet, involves a person eating very few carbohydrates. Instead, they
Beriberi is a disorder that can occur when a person has a lack of thiamine, or vitamin B-1. A severe deficiency in this nutrient can lead to lasting damage in the nervous system and heart. The word beriberi comes from a Sinhalese word meaning “extreme weakness,” as it can cause severe and even life-threatening symptoms.
Despite online claims, there is no best time of day to eat fruit — people can get similar health benefits from fruit at any time of the day. That said, people with weight loss goals or diabetes can benefit from timing their fruit intake. Many online sources claim that people can get better health benefits
People with type 2 diabetes should receive regular monitoring of liver function, as they could be at risk of developing life-threatening cirrhosis and liver cancer. Type 2 diabetes may be an independent risk factor for some severe liver conditions. This was one of the conclusions of a very large study of 82 million adults living
A recent study in mice concludes that targeted ultrasound could be an effective, noninvasive, drug-free way to boost insulin levels in people with type 2 diabetes. A new study asks whether ultrasound could be an effective treatment for diabetes. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), type 2 diabetes now affects more
Scientists have developed a way to increase the effectiveness of pancreatic islet transplantation, a promising therapy for type 1 diabetes. New findings could make pancreatic islet cell transplants more effective. Immune rejection by the recipient is a major barrier to pancreatic islet transplants from donors becoming routinely available for the treatment of type 1 diabetes.
A low-carb diet can help people with diabetes better manage their blood sugar levels. Carbohydrates or carbs raise blood glucose more than other foods, meaning the body must produce more insulin to digest them. Reducing carb intake can help stabilize blood glucose. It may also counteract some other effects of diabetes, such as weight gain
A low-protein diet puts less strain on the kidneys. As a result, this type of diet can benefit people with kidney-related disorders, such as kidney disease or phenylketonuria. When a person eats protein, the body produces a compound called urea. If the kidneys are not functioning well, urea can build up in the blood and
Researchers know that whole grains are good for health, but the mechanisms at play remain unclear. However, a recent study in humans and mouse models now shows just how certain whole grains help regulate gut health. Those who eat whole-grain rye bread have lower blood serotonin levels. What does this mean? Studies from the past
Gestational diabetes is a temporary form of diabetes that occurs during pregnancy when the body stops producing or responding to insulin adequately. If the body is unable to respond to insulin appropriately, high levels of sugar build up in the bloodstream and cause the symptoms of diabetes. Gestational diabetes can potentially cause some health risks
Researchers have noticed that a drug that doctors commonly use to treat insulin resistance can also address the pain of fibromyalgia, which has provided them with a new clue about this chronic condition. Researchers have managed to diminish fibromyalgia-related pain using a drug for insulin resistance. Fibromyalgia is a chronic condition that causes abnormal pain
Gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes that can occur during pregnancy. It is not always possible to prevent it, but a pregnant woman can take steps to reduce her risk. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), gestational diabetes develops in approximately 2–10% of pregnancies in the United States each year.
Diabetes develops when a person’s body does not make enough insulin to process sugars present in the blood. This can lead to many complications, including leg pain. When people with diabetes experience leg pain, it may be the result of nerve damage. Nerve damage can occur if a person with diabetes does not receive treatment
In addition to their health concerns, some people with a recent diabetes diagnosis worry that they will no longer be able to eat the foods they enjoy, including cereal. However, there are many types of cereal that people with diabetes can eat without worrying, as long as they take a few things into consideration. Cereals
For people with diabetes, reaching and maintaining a healthy weight is essential. A healthy weight helps manage blood sugar levels and reduce the chances of additional complications, such as a stroke or heart attack. People with diabetes who want to lose weight must do so safely. Trying to lose weight too fast or being too