Employers, lawyers, and medical professionals are showing increased interest in hair follicle drug tests because they can determine if a person has been using illicit drugs or misusing prescription medications. In this article, we discuss how hair follicle drug tests work, how to use a home kit, and what the results mean. We also cover
Many people believe that mixing alcohol and antibiotics is not safe. Is it dangerous? What are the risks of drinking alcohol while taking antibiotics? Antibiotics are drugs that target bacteria to treat and prevent infections. There are many types of oral antibiotic. Not all antibiotics interact with alcohol, and doctors give different recommendations about alcohol
Following on from a series of similar studies, researchers are once again investigating whether acetaminophen can influence our psychology. This time, the focus is on positive empathy. Could acetaminophen reduce our ability to demonstrate empathy? Acetaminophen is one of the most commonly used drugs globally. It offers quick relief from mild pain and is readily
Concerta and Adderall are stimulant medications that a doctor may prescribe for a person with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, or ADHD. They can also help a person with narcolepsy. Stimulants work by helping regulate the chemicals in a person’s brain that support thinking and paying attention. Although they have many associated side effects, stimulants are
People usually use the drug naproxen to relieve pain and swelling, but it can also help treat fever. Naproxen is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). Naproxen is available by prescription, or people can purchase lower-strengths forms over the counter. In this article, we provide an overview of naproxen, including how it works, its uses, and
Most people experience fluctuations in their weight, and it is common to gain weight over time. However, if a person gains weight in a very short time for no clear reason, this could be a sign of an underlying health condition. When weight gain is not related to a health condition, common causes include: Anyone
Vitamin B refers to not one, but eight different vitamins. All B vitamins play a role in converting food into energy in the body. Each vitamin also has a unique role in a person’s health. Vitamin B-complex supplements include all of the essential B vitamins in one pill. Some contain 100 percent of the recommended
Ulcerative colitis is a long-term condition of the large intestine, which people also call the colon. It is an autoimmune condition, which means the immune system works against its own cells and tissues. It may result in swelling, inflammation, and small sores on the lining of the colon. Symptoms can include: loose or urgent bowel
Many pregnant women take vitamin B-6 and Unisom to treat morning sickness. In the past, some people had concerns that this combination may harm the fetus. Morning sickness is very common during early pregnancy. Although people often refer to nausea and vomiting during pregnancy as “morning sickness,” it can actually happen at any time of
Regulators in the United States have recently approved a new prescription-only nasal spray for use against treatment-resistant depression. The FDA have approved a new medication for hard-to-treat depression. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) have just granted approval of the drug esketamine (Spravato) to the Johnson & Johnson company Janssen Pharmaceuticals Inc. The fast-acting nasal
Many people are aware that taking ibuprofen at the same time as alcohol is not always safe, but what are the risks, and when is it dangerous? Ibuprofen is an over-the-counter medication that people use to reduce pain, inflammation, and fever. It is available under various brand names, such as Advil and Motrin, and in
Artemisinin is a chemical compound in a traditional Chinese herb called Artemisia annua, or sweet wormwood. Some research suggests that it may show promise in future cancer treatments. Research indicates that the compound could inhibit the growth of tumors and metastasis. However, this research has typically used animal models. No strong clinical trials in humans
People taking the blood thinning medication warfarin may need to moderate vitamin K levels in their diets. Vitamin K may interfere with the effectiveness of warfarin. A doctor may prescribe warfarin to someone who has had a blood clot in the past, as they are at a higher risk of blood clots in the future.
Finding the right medication or combination of drugs to manage bipolar disorder can be a challenging and frustrating process. Bipolar disorder is a mood disorder characterized by extreme changes in mood, behavior, energy, and thought patterns. A person with bipolar will experience severe highs (mania) and lows (depression) in their mood. The National Institute of
Amlodipine is an oral medication that doctors prescribe to treat some cardiovascular conditions. In the United States, it commonly goes under the brand name Norvasc. Amlodipine is a type of calcium channel blocker. Doctors commonly prescribe these drugs to treat people with high blood pressure. A doctor may also prescribe amlodipine for coronary artery disease
Noxzema is primarily a treatment for acne and pimples, but it may also help with symptoms of eczema. Eczema causes patches of dry, cracked, itchy skin, and sometimes fluid-filled blisters. There are many treatment options, which work in different ways — some aim to hydrate the skin, while others aim to reduce inflammation. Noxzema is
Treatment for hepatitis C involves using medications to control symptoms of the infection, as well as drugs that help cure the infection itself. Using medications may improve the outcome of the disorder by helping to prevent severe complications from chronic liver damage. In the past, there were not many medical treatments available to treat hepatitis
Augmentin and amoxicillin are two types of antibiotics. Antibiotics help treat bacterial infections that may be too strong for the body’s immune system to clear. The two drugs are very similar. Amoxicillin is a very common type of antibiotic, and Augmentin contains amoxicillin and clavulanate or clavulanic acid, which may make it more effective against
Biotin, or vitamin B-7, is an essential nutrient for the human body. Some people use biotin supplements to manage symptoms of psoriasis. Biotin is important for skin health. Many people believe that biotin supplements can reduce psoriasis symptoms, which can include a scaly, red rash and thinning hair. However, no strong scientific evidence suggests that
Metoprolol tartrate and metoprolol succinate are different salt forms of the same active ingredient, metoprolol. Although these medications are similar, they have slightly different uses and effects. Metoprolol belongs to a class of drugs called beta-blockers. These drugs work by slowing down a person’s heart rate and lowering their blood pressure. Doctors often prescribe beta-blockers
Dermalex is an over-the-counter skin cream that people can use to treat psoriasis. Unlike some other psoriasis creams, it does not contain steroids. However, there is little research to support its safety and effectiveness. Psoriasis is a skin condition that causes skin cells to multiply faster than usual, resulting in a buildup of skin cells.
Kratom is a plant that grows in Southeast Asia. Its leaves have psychotropic and opioid-like pain-relieving effects. People living in areas where kratom grows sometimes use it to treat diarrhea, pain, cough, and fatigue. People living in the United States have shown increasing interest in using this substance as an alternative to opioid pain relievers.
Oxycodone is a type of pain-relieving medication that doctors may prescribe to help people manage moderate to severe pain. Oxycodone is an opiate (narcotic) analgesic. Opiate analgesics change how the brain and central nervous system respond to pain. These chemical changes stop a person from feeling pain in the same way as they did. This
Antiretroviral therapy treats HIV by suppressing the virus’ activity in the body. For most people who take them, these medications are very effective at keeping HIV under control. Treatment helps to improve quality of life, and it can ensure that a person with HIV has a similar life expectancy to a person without the virus.
Kava kava is an herbal remedy that some people use to relieve stress and anxiety and boost sleep. This plant extract has a calming, euphoric effect that some people compare with that of alcohol. Kava kava, or simply kava, has a long history of use in alternative medicine and traditional ceremonies. More recently, it has
Having a pill stuck in the throat can be irritating or even dangerous, but it is important to stay calm and find a solution. The following is what to do when a pill becomes stuck in the throat. The United States National Safety Council note that 5,051 people passed away from choking in 2015. For
Lysine is one of the essential amino acids, which are those that the body cannot make and that people need to obtain from dietary sources. Possible health benefits of lysine and lysine supplements include improving cold sores, reducing blood pressure, and preventing the symptoms of lysine deficiency. In this article, we discuss lysine and look
Losartan potassium is a medication that doctors prescribe to treat high blood pressure or hypertension. Losartan potassium works by relaxing the blood vessels to allow the blood to flow more efficiently, which reduces a person’s blood pressure. The United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the drug in 1995 to treat hypertension. The World