Regulators in the United States have recently approved a new prescription-only nasal spray for use against treatment-resistant depression. The FDA have approved a new medication for hard-to-treat depression. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) have just granted approval of the drug esketamine (Spravato) to the Johnson & Johnson company Janssen Pharmaceuticals Inc. The fast-acting nasal
Many people are aware that taking ibuprofen at the same time as alcohol is not always safe, but what are the risks, and when is it dangerous? Ibuprofen is an over-the-counter medication that people use to reduce pain, inflammation, and fever. It is available under various brand names, such as Advil and Motrin, and in
Artemisinin is a chemical compound in a traditional Chinese herb called Artemisia annua, or sweet wormwood. Some research suggests that it may show promise in future cancer treatments. Research indicates that the compound could inhibit the growth of tumors and metastasis. However, this research has typically used animal models. No strong clinical trials in humans
People taking the blood thinning medication warfarin may need to moderate vitamin K levels in their diets. Vitamin K may interfere with the effectiveness of warfarin. A doctor may prescribe warfarin to someone who has had a blood clot in the past, as they are at a higher risk of blood clots in the future.
Finding the right medication or combination of drugs to manage bipolar disorder can be a challenging and frustrating process. Bipolar disorder is a mood disorder characterized by extreme changes in mood, behavior, energy, and thought patterns. A person with bipolar will experience severe highs (mania) and lows (depression) in their mood. The National Institute of
Amlodipine is an oral medication that doctors prescribe to treat some cardiovascular conditions. In the United States, it commonly goes under the brand name Norvasc. Amlodipine is a type of calcium channel blocker. Doctors commonly prescribe these drugs to treat people with high blood pressure. A doctor may also prescribe amlodipine for coronary artery disease
Noxzema is primarily a treatment for acne and pimples, but it may also help with symptoms of eczema. Eczema causes patches of dry, cracked, itchy skin, and sometimes fluid-filled blisters. There are many treatment options, which work in different ways — some aim to hydrate the skin, while others aim to reduce inflammation. Noxzema is
Treatment for hepatitis C involves using medications to control symptoms of the infection, as well as drugs that help cure the infection itself. Using medications may improve the outcome of the disorder by helping to prevent severe complications from chronic liver damage. In the past, there were not many medical treatments available to treat hepatitis
Augmentin and amoxicillin are two types of antibiotics. Antibiotics help treat bacterial infections that may be too strong for the body’s immune system to clear. The two drugs are very similar. Amoxicillin is a very common type of antibiotic, and Augmentin contains amoxicillin and clavulanate or clavulanic acid, which may make it more effective against
Biotin, or vitamin B-7, is an essential nutrient for the human body. Some people use biotin supplements to manage symptoms of psoriasis. Biotin is important for skin health. Many people believe that biotin supplements can reduce psoriasis symptoms, which can include a scaly, red rash and thinning hair. However, no strong scientific evidence suggests that
Metoprolol tartrate and metoprolol succinate are different salt forms of the same active ingredient, metoprolol. Although these medications are similar, they have slightly different uses and effects. Metoprolol belongs to a class of drugs called beta-blockers. These drugs work by slowing down a person’s heart rate and lowering their blood pressure. Doctors often prescribe beta-blockers
Dermalex is an over-the-counter skin cream that people can use to treat psoriasis. Unlike some other psoriasis creams, it does not contain steroids. However, there is little research to support its safety and effectiveness. Psoriasis is a skin condition that causes skin cells to multiply faster than usual, resulting in a buildup of skin cells.
Kratom is a plant that grows in Southeast Asia. Its leaves have psychotropic and opioid-like pain-relieving effects. People living in areas where kratom grows sometimes use it to treat diarrhea, pain, cough, and fatigue. People living in the United States have shown increasing interest in using this substance as an alternative to opioid pain relievers.
Oxycodone is a type of pain-relieving medication that doctors may prescribe to help people manage moderate to severe pain. Oxycodone is an opiate (narcotic) analgesic. Opiate analgesics change how the brain and central nervous system respond to pain. These chemical changes stop a person from feeling pain in the same way as they did. This
Antiretroviral therapy treats HIV by suppressing the virus’ activity in the body. For most people who take them, these medications are very effective at keeping HIV under control. Treatment helps to improve quality of life, and it can ensure that a person with HIV has a similar life expectancy to a person without the virus.
Kava kava is an herbal remedy that some people use to relieve stress and anxiety and boost sleep. This plant extract has a calming, euphoric effect that some people compare with that of alcohol. Kava kava, or simply kava, has a long history of use in alternative medicine and traditional ceremonies. More recently, it has
Having a pill stuck in the throat can be irritating or even dangerous, but it is important to stay calm and find a solution. The following is what to do when a pill becomes stuck in the throat. The United States National Safety Council note that 5,051 people passed away from choking in 2015. For
Lysine is one of the essential amino acids, which are those that the body cannot make and that people need to obtain from dietary sources. Possible health benefits of lysine and lysine supplements include improving cold sores, reducing blood pressure, and preventing the symptoms of lysine deficiency. In this article, we discuss lysine and look
Losartan potassium is a medication that doctors prescribe to treat high blood pressure or hypertension. Losartan potassium works by relaxing the blood vessels to allow the blood to flow more efficiently, which reduces a person’s blood pressure. The United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the drug in 1995 to treat hypertension. The World
Metoprolol is a prescription drug that doctors may use to treat heart issues, such as high blood pressure, heart attack, and heart failure. The most common form is metoprolol succinate, which people can buy under the brand name Toprol-XL. Metoprolol may also refer to metoprolol tartrate, which has the brand name Lopressor. Metoprolol often causes
Valium and Xanax have uses in treating anxiety. Both are in a class of medications called benzodiazepines, which are sedatives. However, there are key differences in side effects and drug interactions. Here, we explore how these drugs work and compare their effects. Valium and Xanax are brand names for two types of medication for anxiety.
Some research suggests that melatonin can help treat children with sleeping difficulties. However, it is best to try lifestyle changes or speak to a doctor before giving melatonin to a child. Sleep plays an essential role in overall health and well-being. Sleep is especially important for children as their bodies and brains are still growing
Gabapentin is an anticonvulsant medication that doctors often prescribe to prevent seizures in people with epilepsy. It is not a cure for epilepsy, but it can help people manage the condition. Gabapentin is generally safe, but it can cause side effects, some of which may require medical attention. In this article, we look at the
Many people take sleeping pills to get much-needed rest. Sleeping pills may be sedatives or hypnotics, and they come in many forms. People can choose natural, prescription, or over-the-counter pills. This article will describe the types of sleeping pills, then look at their uses and safety profiles. Which sleeping pill is right for me? A
The Z pack is a 5-day antibiotic treatment that does not work on the common cold. Viral infections cause the common cold, but the Z pack only works on bacterial infections. People should only use the Z pack under a doctor’s supervision, as taking antibiotics unnecessarily could do more harm than good. Doctors may recommend
Asthma is a long-term lung disease with no cure, but a range of treatments exists. If very severe symptoms do not respond to other medications, a doctor may administer magnesium sulfate. Asthma is a common condition. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in the United States, asthma affects around 20.4 million
Medications for high blood pressure are vital for helping to prevent a range of complications, including heart disease and stroke. This article outlines the various blood pressure medications along with their associated side effects and risks. Diuretics Blood pressure medications may cause different side effects. Excess salt can cause a buildup of fluid within the
Alpha-lipoic acid is an organic compound in the body that acts as a potent antioxidant. It may have several health benefits. While the body produces alpha-lipoic acid (ALA) naturally, a person can boost their levels by making suitable dietary choices, taking supplements, or both. Supplementing with ALA is becoming increasingly popular, as some people believe