Drugs

Metoprolol is a prescription drug that doctors may use to treat heart issues, such as high blood pressure, heart attack, and heart failure. The most common form is metoprolol succinate, which people can buy under the brand name Toprol-XL. Metoprolol may also refer to metoprolol tartrate, which has the brand name Lopressor. Metoprolol often causes
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Valium and Xanax have uses in treating anxiety. Both are in a class of medications called benzodiazepines, which are sedatives. However, there are key differences in side effects and drug interactions. Here, we explore how these drugs work and compare their effects. Valium and Xanax are brand names for two types of medication for anxiety.
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Some research suggests that melatonin can help treat children with sleeping difficulties. However, it is best to try lifestyle changes or speak to a doctor before giving melatonin to a child. Sleep plays an essential role in overall health and well-being. Sleep is especially important for children as their bodies and brains are still growing
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Gabapentin is an anticonvulsant medication that doctors often prescribe to prevent seizures in people with epilepsy. It is not a cure for epilepsy, but it can help people manage the condition. Gabapentin is generally safe, but it can cause side effects, some of which may require medical attention. In this article, we look at the
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Many people take sleeping pills to get much-needed rest. Sleeping pills may be sedatives or hypnotics, and they come in many forms. People can choose natural, prescription, or over-the-counter pills. This article will describe the types of sleeping pills, then look at their uses and safety profiles. Which sleeping pill is right for me? A
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The Z pack is a 5-day antibiotic treatment that does not work on the common cold. Viral infections cause the common cold, but the Z pack only works on bacterial infections. People should only use the Z pack under a doctor’s supervision, as taking antibiotics unnecessarily could do more harm than good. Doctors may recommend
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Asthma is a long-term lung disease with no cure, but a range of treatments exists. If very severe symptoms do not respond to other medications, a doctor may administer magnesium sulfate. Asthma is a common condition. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in the United States, asthma affects around 20.4 million
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Medications for high blood pressure are vital for helping to prevent a range of complications, including heart disease and stroke. This article outlines the various blood pressure medications along with their associated side effects and risks. Diuretics Blood pressure medications may cause different side effects. Excess salt can cause a buildup of fluid within the
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Alpha-lipoic acid is an organic compound in the body that acts as a potent antioxidant. It may have several health benefits. While the body produces alpha-lipoic acid (ALA) naturally, a person can boost their levels by making suitable dietary choices, taking supplements, or both. Supplementing with ALA is becoming increasingly popular, as some people believe
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The term anxiety encompasses feelings of worry, fear, and unease. Although it is normal to experience some level of anxiety at times, intense or persistent anxiety may be indicative of an anxiety disorder. According to several large surveys, up to 33.7 percent of people experience some form of anxiety disorder during their lifetime. Medications are
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Does it work? Emergen-C may be worth taking as a general immune booster, but the jury is still out on whether it can help prevent or treat conditions like the common cold. Here’s what you should know about its ingredients, purported uses, potential side effects, and more. What’s in Emergen-C and what is it supposed
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Fertility drugs can treat many issues, increasing the chances of conceiving and carrying the baby to term. These drugs treat specific problems, so a person should take them only at a doctor’s recommendation. Taking fertility drugs without a diagnosis will not necessarily increase the chances of getting pregnant. According to the Centers for Disease Control
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Doctors prescribe anticholinergic drugs to treat a variety of conditions, including chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), bladder conditions, gastrointestinal disorders, and symptoms of Parkinson’s disease. There are many different types of anticholinergic drug, but they all work by blocking the action of acetylcholine, a type of neurotransmitter. Blocking this neurotransmitter inhibits involuntary muscle movements and
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Methotrexate is a medication that doctors prescribe to treat certain conditions, including adult rheumatoid arthritis, some cancers, and severe psoriasis. However, methotrexate drains the body of folic acid, which may lead to folic acid deficiencies. The body needs folic acid to maintain a healthy gastrointestinal (GI) tract and liver, as well as healthy bones and
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Opioids provide pain relief for people with many conditions, including later-stage cancer. However, these drugs can also have adverse effects, including constipation. People use opioids to manage severe pain. Opioid-induced constipation (OIC) can cause further discomfort, which can affect a person’s quality of life. However, treatment is often available through natural means or in the
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Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is a group of conditions that affect how well a person breathes. Doctors usually treat the condition with bronchodilators but may also prescribe steroids. Risk factors for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) include cigarette smoking or exposure to irritants, such as chemicals or pollution. These factors can damage the air sacs
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Highlights for alprazolam Alprazolam oral tablet is available as a generic drug and as brand-name drugs. Brand names: Alprazolam Intensol, Xanax, and Xanax XR. Alprazolam oral tablets come in immediate-release and extended-release forms, as well as an orally disintegrating form. Alprazolam also comes as an oral solution. Alprazolam is used for short-term treatment of anxiety
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Highlights for sumatriptan Sumatriptan oral tablets are available as both generic and brand-name drugs. Brand name: Imitrex. Sumatriptan also comes in a nasal spray, an injectable solution, or a nasal powder. Sumatriptan oral tablet is used to treat migraine headaches. It’s used when headache symptoms first start. It’s not used to prevent headaches. Important warnings
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Highlights for paroxetine Paroxetine oral tablet is available in immediate-release and extended-release forms. It’s also available as both a generic drug and brand-name drugs. Brand names: Paxil, Paxil CR, and Pexeva. Paroxetine is also available as an oral capsule and oral suspension. Paroxetine oral tablet can be used to treat depressive disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, panic
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Highlights for perindopril Perindopril oral tablet is available as a generic drug. It doesn’t have a brand-name version. Perindopril comes only in the form of a tablet you take by mouth. Perindopril oral tablet is used to treat hypertension (high blood pressure). It’s also used to lower the risk of death or heart attack in
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Existing cancer drugs could be repurposed as treatments for vascular inflammation, according to new research from the University of California San Diego School of Medicine. Several drugs approved by the FDA for cancer treatment may also treat vascular inflammation. Publishing their findings in Cell Reports, the authors describe new insights into the way G-protein-coupled receptors
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For the first time ever, researchers investigate — in cellular detail — the damage that high levels of Viagra can do to the retina. Taking too much might threaten color vision. How might a blue pill make you see red? There are few drugs as well-known as sildenafil citrate, commonly sold under the brand name
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Diarrhea is a common symptom of Crohn’s disease. There are several anti-diarrheal medications that a person with Crohn’s can use to treat acute bouts of diarrhea. Crohn’s disease causes long-term inflammation of the digestive tract and typically affects the end of the small intestine or the beginning of the colon. Common symptoms of Crohn’s include:
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Xanax and clonazepam are both medicines that affect a person’s central nervous system by slowing it down. They belong to a family of drugs called benzodiazepines. Doctors tend to prescribe them to treat anxiety and panic disorders. The most common use of Xanax is as an anti-anxiety medication. Created in 1969 by the pharmaceutical company
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Cromolyn sodium is an over-the-counter medication for treating nasal allergies. It comes as a nasal solution and works best when a person uses it before they come into contact with the substance that triggers their allergy. Allergic reactions occur when the body’s immune system mistakenly responds to harmless substances known as allergens. Allergies that affect
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