Mental Health

Learned helplessness is a state that occurs after a person has experienced a stressful situation repeatedly. They come to believe that they are unable to control or change the situation, so they do not try — even when opportunities for change become available. Psychologists first described learned helplessness in 1967 after a series of experiments
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Researchers from Germany and Switzerland have recently investigated the possible associations between conditions relating to mental health, such as depression and anxiety, and the presence of different types of allergy. Their findings, they say, should prompt scientists to pay more attention to these links. New research identifies an association between generalized anxiety and the presence
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A new study has found that people with bipolar disorder have a higher risk of developing Parkinson’s disease. Also, having bipolar disorder of a higher severity seems to increase the risk even further. A large-scale study finds links between bipolar disorder and Parkinson’s. Previous studies have found links between depression and Parkinson’s disease, but few
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At the risk of explaining the obvious to the neurotypicals — people not on the autistic spectrum — in the audience, I know that I am not every autistic person. I can only speak of my experience as a thirtysomething white cis man who grew up in semirural Hertfordshire. ‘You don’t seem autistic’ is something
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Mood stabilizers are a type of medication that doctors usually use to treat the symptoms of bipolar disorder. These drugs can help stop the significant mood swings that people with bipolar disorder commonly experience. A person taking mood stabilizers may experience side effects, which can sometimes be serious. Anyone with bipolar disorder may experience unusual
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Two new studies assess how working memory — the memory we use on a day-to-day basis in decision-making processes — is affected by age, mood, and sleep quality and whether these factors impact memory together or on their own. Two new studies investigate how sleep quality, mood, and age affect a person’s working memory. Working
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People define personality disorders in many different ways. According to one definition, a personality disorder is a mental health condition that affects how a person thinks and feels and how they relate to other people. Cluster A disorders usually involve awkwardness in social situations, distorted thinking, and distance from society and relationships. There are 10
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Researchers at the University of Nottingham in United Kingdom have reviewed dozens of articles analyzing the helpfulness of other people’s “recovery narratives” and found that they can help people overcome their own mental health problems. Hearing others’ recovery stories can help us cope with our own mental health issues. Increasingly, mental health professionals are considering
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Dermatophagia is a psychological condition in which a person compulsively bites, chews, gnaws, or eats their skin. It often affects the skin around people’s fingers. Dermatophagia is an emerging concept in mental health research. For this reason, there have been few studies into precisely what it is and how it differs from other conditions. According
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A new study has concluded that living alone is linked to common mental disorders. The authors have also identified the main driver of this worrying relationship. Researchers examined the links between mental health and living alone. Some common mental disorders (CMDs) include mood disorders, anxiety, and substance use disorders. According to some studies, almost one-third
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New research in mice, which the National Institutes of Health supported, shows how ketamine can alter brain circuits, quickly redressing depression-like symptoms. Ketamine stimulates the regrowth of dendritic spines in the prefrontal cortex, according to a new animal study. Previous studies have shown that ketamine — an anesthetic — can rapidly reduce severe symptoms of
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Crying is the body’s natural response to emotions that can be mentally and physically draining. When a strong cry triggers a headache, there are steps a person can take to help alleviate the physical pain, even if the emotional pain remains. When crying hard enough, many people will experience: a runny nose bloodshot eyes swelling
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If I think back to all of the most memorable and joyous moments of my life, my memories are laced with a dark, gripping cloak of anxiety. As a kid, I would second guess everything that I did. Experiences that other people would celebrate, such as graduations, weddings, and promotions, are dreaded milestones for me
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Stamina describes a person’s ability to sustain physical and mental activity. People with low mental stamina may find it difficult to focus on tasks for long periods and become distracted easily. People with low physical stamina may tire when walking up a flight of stairs, for example. Having low stamina often causes a person to
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Cannabidiol, or CBD, is a natural compound that has gained popularity in recent years, thanks in part to a growing body of research into its potential health benefits, which may include treating depression. The initial results of some studies into CBD and depression look promising. CBD is one of over 100 compounds called cannabinoids, which
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Modern science brings us endless possibilities to help our bodies and our minds stay healthy, but some recent scientific pursuits have also been the center of controversy. One of these is researchers’ interest in manipulating memories. Is this feat possible, and if so, why would we want to achieve it? In this Spotlight feature, we
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