Executive function is a broad group of mental skills that enable people to complete tasks and interact with others. An executive function disorder can impair a person’s ability to organize themselves and control their behavior. However, executive function disorder is not a specific, standalone diagnosis or condition. Instead, neurological, mental health, and behavioral disorders, such
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A large new study has found a link between taking various kinds of blood pressure-lowering drugs and a lower risk of dementia among older adults, adding to the discussion around the link between cognitive decline and high blood pressure. People who take blood pressure-lowering medication may have a lower risk of dementia. Dementia is an
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Health organizations, doctors, and scientists agree that vaccines are safe and effective. Despite this, there is a growing movement of parents and caregivers choosing not to vaccinate their children. Anti-vaccination myths are almost certainly contributing to this trend. Many health organizations advise that children receive vaccinations for their individual health and for the health of
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Many people experience lower back pain from time to time. However, lower back pain that occurs along with testicle pain is less common and can indicate an underlying condition that requires medical treatment. In this article, we discuss some possible causes of lower back and testicle pain. We also cover when to see a doctor.
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Targeting the gut microbiome — the communities of bacteria and other microorganisms that inhabit the gastrointestinal tract — could be a way to treat a range of age-related conditions. Scientists made this conclusion after investigating the effect of transplanting fecal samples from young to aged mice. Jump-starting the gut bacteria may help people age more
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Research has shown that insulin resistance — a main characteristic of prediabetes and diabetes — is sometimes linked to symptoms of anxiety and depression. But a new study in mice has found that metformin, a diabetes drug, can fight these symptoms. Metformin, a common drug that people take to treat symptoms of diabetes, could also
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Adderall is a combination of the stimulant drugs amphetamine and dextroamphetamine. Doctors prescribe it for the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and narcolepsy, and they sometimes use it off-label for other conditions. Although taking Adderall can cause hair loss in some people, this is a relatively uncommon side effect. Some people misuse Adderall
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Liver metastases refers to when a cancer that originally formed in another part of the body spreads to the liver. Some healthcare professionals may call liver metastases “secondary liver cancer.” The cancer cells that develop in liver metastases are not cells from the liver. They are cells from the part of the body where the
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Betamethasone is a corticosteroid that doctors use to treat skin conditions that cause inflammation and itchiness. People can use injectable or topical betamethasone. Betamethasone is available in different formulations, which range in potency from medium to super potent. Doctors will choose the most suitable betamethasone product for a person depending on their skin condition and
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Scientists aren’t far away from creating blood tests that can be used to detect the earliest stages of cancer, Guardant Health co-founder and CEO Helmy Eltoukhy said Monday. The Silicon Valley oncology company, backed by SoftBank, is working with U.K.-based AstraZeneca to develop blood tests to help identify cancer patients likely to respond well to treatment
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A recent discovery could help to explain further why living with dirt can benefit human health. Scientists have found that a bacterium that lives in soil makes an anti-inflammatory fatty acid that can promote resilience to stress. A bacterium called Mycobacterium vaccae could protect against stress and anxiety. Researchers at the University of Colorado Boulder
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Summer is on its way. Here in Medical News Today‘s hometown of Brighton, United Kingdom, the temperature is rising, seagulls are preparing to steal the food of unsuspecting tourists, and our fingers are hovering over desk fans in anticipation of the warmer weather. The MNT team used their creativity to decorate some pebbles with positive
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While there is no definitive ADHD diet, many sources claim that certain diets, foods, and meal plans can help reduce symptoms. Various foods can affect energy and concentration levels. Certain choices may, therefore, be better for people with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Some research suggests that following specific diets — such as elimination diets,
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Learned helplessness is a state that occurs after a person has experienced a stressful situation repeatedly. They come to believe that they are unable to control or change the situation, so they do not try — even when opportunities for change become available. Psychologists first described learned helplessness in 1967 after a series of experiments
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Insulin therapy, a common treatment for diabetes, can cause people to gain weight. People taking insulin can manage their weight with certain diet and lifestyle strategies. Insulin is a hormone that regulates the levels of glucose in the blood. Another name for this is blood sugar. The hormone works by helping the body’s cells to
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