Urine comprises water, salts, and waste products from the kidneys. The balance of these compounds can affect the urine’s acidity levels, which specialists measure in pH. The pH is the measurement of how acidic or alkaline a person’s urine is. Doctors often test the urine pH, and they may perform other diagnostic tests, when a
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Chronic back pain can sometimes be a symptom of advanced prostate cancer. However, there are many other possible causes of back pain. The prostate is a walnut-sized gland that sits below the bladder and wraps around the urethra. This gland is part of the male reproductive system and is involved in the production of semen.
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A widely held belief has it that the more we use our brains, the less likely it is that we will experience mental decline as we age, but to what extent is this notion true? A new study tests whether flexing your brain with problem-solving tasks can help prevent age-related mental decline. As we get
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Appendix cancer is a rare type of cancer that grows in the appendix. There are several different types of appendix cancer, and a person often experiences no symptoms in the early stages. The appendix is a tubular, finger-like sac around 4 inches in length that connects to the first part of the colon. Scientists do
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Glutathione is a powerful antioxidant that has gained a lot of attention for its purported health benefits. But what is glutathione, and does it actually affect the body? Some people swear by its anti-aging properties, while others say that it can treat autism, increase fat metabolism, and even prevent cancer. Read on for more information
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Morgan Gleason has had a lot more experience with the health-care system than most college students. Nine years ago, she was diagnosed with a rare autoimmune disease called Juvenile Dermatomyositis, which causes symptoms like weak muscles and skin rashes. Like many patients with a chronic illness, Gleason sees a lot of doctors. So she and
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New research has revealed that targeted cognitive training can successfully reduce cognitive impairment in treatment-resistant schizophrenia. Altering certain neural pathways may improve cognitive ability in people with treatment-resistant schizophrenia. Schizophrenia is one of the 15 leading causes of disability globally. In the United States, this condition affects more than 3 million people. Symptoms of schizophrenia
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Doctors may find it hard to diagnose Alzheimer’s disease before the obvious symptoms set in, and many of the current tests for it are expensive and complicated. However, researchers recently devised a blood test that could accurately detect this condition. Recent research aimed to develop an accurate blood test to diagnose Alzheimer’s. According to the
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Every year, consumers spend billions on skincare products that promise to reduce lines instantly, fade brown spots, improve firmness and elasticity and more. Yet despite the wealth of products available today, consumers continue to be frustrated by manufacturers’ inflated claims of smooth, silky, younger-looking skin. Now beauty start-up Proven — launched in November by Harvard
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Some research suggests a link between low vitamin D levels and a person’s risk of developing schizophrenia. New evidence indicates that this notion may be correct. A new study has investigated the link between low vitamin D levels and schizophrenia risk. According to the National Institute of Mental Health, schizophrenia is one of the leading
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New research in mice finds that a single workout activates a brain circuit associated with a lower appetite, lower blood sugar levels, and better metabolism. Moreover, this effect lasted for 2 days after the workout. The findings may help improve blood sugar metabolism in people with diabetes. A single workout can offer long-lasting metabolic benefits.
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Baby acne is common and usually clears up on its own. Some rashes may need treatment, however, so it is important to know the difference between baby acne, rashes, and other skin problems. Babies have very sensitive skin, so caregivers may worry that spots or a rash are a sign of an allergic reaction or
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Chemotherapy can affect a person’s brain for years after coming to an end. How does it actually change the brain, and is there anything that scientists can do to reverse these effects? Researchers are looking into ways of reversing the ‘chemo brain’ effect. Many people who undergo chemotherapy will notice cognitive impairment and behavioral changes.
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Jason Oberfest, formerly the CEO of Mango Health, has joined Apple’s health team. Mango Health is an app for people to track their medications, which is especially helpful for patients with chronic disease who take multiple medications. The company also offers incentives, such as gift cards, for users who take their tracked medications properly and
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A sunken fontanel occurs when the soft spot on a baby’s skull becomes more deep set than usual. One of the major causes is dehydration. The human skull is made up from several bones that are connected by tough fibrous tissue called sutures. These sutures give the skull some flexibility, allowing the head to pass
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HIV is a virus that attacks the body’s immune system, reducing its ability to fight off illnesses. While over 1.1 million people in the United States live with HIV, 1 in 7 are unaware of their condition. With treatment, some people with HIV can considerably reduce their risk of complications and have a life expectancy
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Valium and Xanax have uses in treating anxiety. Both are in a class of medications called benzodiazepines, which are sedatives. However, there are key differences in side effects and drug interactions. Here, we explore how these drugs work and compare their effects. Valium and Xanax are brand names for two types of medication for anxiety.
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